Social security was developed by governments to assist a section of its citizens struggling with finances more so those with inadequate or no income to get financial assistance.
Social security mainly targets children, the elderly, the sick and the unemployed who are struggling in meeting their daily needs by offering assistance. It is worth noting that the organizations provide assistance to the less privileged in form of food, shelter and wellbeing.
For better understanding of social security, it is essential to know the contingencies covered by social security which include responsibility for the maintenance of children, suspension of earnings due to pregnancy and confinement and their consequences. The other main areas also include suspension of earnings due to an inability to obtain suitable employment for protected persons who are capable of, and available for work, suspension of earnings due to an incapacity for work resulting from a morbid condition, permanent or persistent inability to engage in any gainful activity, treatment of any morbid condition including pregnancy, as well as loss of support suffered by a widowed individual or child as the result of the death of the provider.
It is vital for people to choose the categories of social security benefits that will enable them to enjoy the associated benefits based upon their records of earning, these include retirement, disability, dependents, and survivors benefits.
It is vital for people to enroll to retirement benefits program under social security if they want to get assistance once they retire from work. It is worth noting that if you want to be a beneficiary of retirement benefits, you must be under covered employment for a period of time and retired at the age of sixty-two. Besides, a candidate may start getting retirement benefits at any time after they have reached age sixty-two. In some cases, one may want to receive the payments before they reach the full retirement age, in such a case, the amount of the benefit will be reduced by a certain percentage.
Social security also covers the disabled people in a country. However, the disability benefits is for people who have met the work requirements and are considered disabled under the Social Security program’s medical guidelines.
The other type of benefits under social security that citizens of a country can be assured of enjoying is dependents benefits. When one is a spouse of a retired or disabled worker who qualifies for Social Security retirement or disability benefits, they are entitled to dependent benefits. Your minors and disabled children are also entitled to dependents benefits.
People who are spouses of workers who qualified for Social Security retirement or disability benefits,then they are entitled to survivors benefits including their children. The payments that one will receive under survivors benefits is based on their deceased spouse’s earnings record.